Forestry and Environment Sympoisum 1998, Sri Lanka

Fourth Annual Symposium organized by Department of Forestry and Environment Science, University of Sri Jayewardenapura, Sri Lanka.

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

AGRO-FORESTRY HOME-GARDENS IN KALUTARA DISTRICT:

K G S Gunawardena1 , Anura Saturusinghe2 AND Mangala De Zoysa 1
1Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna
2Forest Department, Battaramulla.


Promotion of agro-forestry in home-gardens has been greatly emphasized as a national priority, in the new amendments of forest-policy in Sri Lanka. Further, development of homestead gardens is one of the major component of the Participatory Forestry Project of the Forest Department. Evidently, the home gardens contribute a substantial amount of food, timber, fuel-wood, fodder etc., of the country. In most of these, home-gardens, the canopy cover is dense with a closure of over 75 percent.

The total extent of land under the home-gardens in Kalutara District has significantly decreased during the last decade. However, the remaining home-gardens are a major source of food, timber, and fuel-wood required for household consumption. Moreover, exportable products of the perennial agricultural crops, and fruits required to cater the increasing demand in the tourism are becoming attractive sources of income from the agro­forestry home-gardens in the district. To improve sustainable agro-forestry home-gardens, an assessment of the present agro-forestry home-gardens in the district is essential.

Home centered spatial arrangement in agro-forestry reflects different interactions among household, garden, and gardening as well as socio-economics and indigenous resource management strategies. Hence, the paper discusses the agro-forestry home-gardens in Kalutara district based on the data and information collected through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA). The PRA administered the main steps and methods: discussions group maps, aggregate maps, wealth rankings, transect walks, participatory transects, venn diagrams, direct matrix, pair-wise ranking and scoring.

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